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Top 5 Causes of Female Infertility

A baby on right side of the image with a ballon floating over its head. The caption reads: Even miracles take a little time.

Causes of Female Infertility

Getting pregnant is actually not an easy task to accomplish. If you are single, or not in any place in your life wanting to have a baby, that might be good news, but for the millions of couples trying to conceive, the thought of infertility can be crushing. Having a baby is supposed to be an extraordinary occasion, filled with joy. However, over 6 million couples in the US alone struggle with fertility issues. It is important to understand that fertility problems can be traced to both men and women, and in many couple's cases, both. In this article, we will discuss some of the most common things that affect female fertility. A lot of the symptoms that negatively affect fertility in women overlap (eg. PCOS affects fertility with a hormonal imbalance, this hormonal imbalance can also cause diabetes.) This disease affects fertility in its own way, but one of the side effects of diabetes is obesity, which also affects fertility. But you can have PCOS and not have diabetes or be obese, or you can be considered obese and not have PCOS or diabetes. So, we will try to clarify the effects on fertility for the health conditions individually for you.


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the leading causes of fertility problems and infertility in women, and the reason for this is because this condition has so many possible side effects such as, but not limited to, diabetes, obesity, ovulation failure, irregular menstrual cycles, or ovarian cysts, and in some cases all at once. PCOS is a condition caused by a hormonal imbalance caused by the woman’s ovaries producing much more androgen than normal. When there is too high a level of these types of hormones, the development of the ovarian follicles, and the release of eggs during ovulation can be affected negatively. PCOS also has many side effects that relate to fertility, and if you’d like to learn about PCOS, we have an article for you on it.

Ovulation Failure

Failure to ovulate accounts for about 40% of fertility issues in women, which makes it the most common fertility issue. When ovulation fails, the egg is not in the correct place to be fertilized correctly. This can have a few deterring factors, with one being PCOS. Aging is a common factor that includes a diminished ovarian reserve, meaning a low number of eggs left or, simply put, no more eggs in a woman's ovaries. Hormone imbalances caused by health conditions such as PCOS, thyroid disease or other endocrine disorders.


Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that is supposed to line the inside of the uterus grows in other places, such as the outside of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes, and in some rare cases even other places such as lungs and the spleen. A woman’s uterus is equipped to deal with the effects of her menstrual cycle, but unfortunately, not the fallopian tubes or ovaries. This can then cause abnormal scarring in these areas and can affect fertility by affecting the quality of eggs, blocking fallopian tubes, disrupting implantation, or inflammation in the pelvic area.

Over/Under Weight

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine concludes that at least 12% of all infertility cases are a result of a woman's weight. If you are attempting to become pregnant, being closer to a healthy weight can increase your chance of conceiving and having a healthy pregnancy. Better Health and Your Fertility both suggest a healthy body mass index of 18.5 through 24.9 or optimal chances of conceiving. Being overweight can cause hormonal balances and issues with ovulation. Apart from the struggle of becoming pregnant while overweight, maintaining a healthy pregnancy is another obstacle. This can affect the environment of the fertilized egg and can cause various complications including miscarriage, premature birth, and risks of childhood and adulthood obesity. Underweight women are at a higher risk of hormonal imbalances, which can affect ovulation. This can increase the amount of time it will take a woman to get pregnant. Underweight women are also at risk of having health problems when pregnancy is achieved.

Infections, Including STI’s

Some of the most common infections would be gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis can have multiple negative effects on any healthy body. For a woman who is trying to conceive, if these go left undetected and untreated, these can cause scarring in the fallopian tubes which may create a barrier between the sperm and egg preventing fertilization. Other than reproductive health, these infections have several other symptoms that can lower your quality of life and overall health, and a healthy body and mind is the most optimal environment for a fetus. If pregnancy is achieved while an STI is present, it runs the chance of the fetus contracting the infection during pregnancy or at the time of birth, and can also cause birth defects or miscarriage. Most doctors will recommend an STI/STD testing as part of a woman’s prenatal care, even if you’ve only had one partner for some amount of time, some infections or diseases can go just as long without showing symptoms, and some can even be contracted without sex, so don’t be offended, it is all for your baby’s well-being.

Unknown Causes

Unfortunately, there are some cases that even after trips to the fertility clinic, female and male infertility tests, female and male hormone tests, and treatment for fertility, there are some couples that have unexplained infertility. Studies published by the National Institute of Health resulted that about 15% of infertile couples have unknown causes. The same study outlines the tests of both men and women for these results, and the steps that are taken for possible treatments.

Don’t Lose Hope

We always recommend speaking to your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant. Every woman's body is different and might require different steps to take to ensure an optimal environment for a growing fetus and the changes your body will soon be going through. They will also have a plethora of information geared specifically towards you and your body.  BioTerra Herbs has an all-natural herbal supplement specifically for fertility, Female… fertility™. With a blend of natural herbs meant to create that optimal environment. If you are going to speak to your doctor, go ahead and screenshot the ingredients and suggested use on the product page and speak to him or her and determine if this is the right supplement for you. If you would even send us a recommendation from your doctor, we will give you half off our supplement! But the most important thing is not to lose hope, even miracles take a little time.

*Results are expected but not guaranteed.

BioTerra Herbs® is a California-based company that is passionate about clean and honest herbal products. Our carefully crafted herbal supplements are the bridge between the spirit of traditional Chinese medicine and knowledge of Western science. Our trusted process works with globally- sourced, natural seeds and herbs that are brewed in California using a cold brew process that surpasses industry standard testing including the extraction of naturally occurring heavy metals. Our seed to shelf process is completed here in sunny Southern California. With a deeply rooted philosophy of care, our herbal supplements are all-natural, vegan, drug-free, gluten-free, and cruelty-free. We love Mother Earth (and Aunt Mildred, too) and believe that natural is always better.

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