Diabetes Breakthrough: What’s Happening in Diabetes Research Today?
Whether you’re new to diabetes or have had the disease for decades, most of us are interested in the latest news in the world of diabetes. From new types of diabetes to a vaccine to glucose-sensing contacts, read on to find out the latest diabetes breakthrough.
5 Types of Diabetes (not 2)
According to this article from the U.K., scientists have discovered that there are five distinct genetic “species” of diabetes instead of the two types everyone has been categorized into. There are three severe types and two mild types.
First, the severe forms. There was one group with severe insulin resistance and a higher risk of kidney disease than the other types, and a group of relatively young, insulin-deficient people with poor metabolic control but no auto-antibodies.
The third group of people with severe diabetes contains insulin-deficient patients who have auto-antibodies doctors associate with autoimmune diabetes. (Typically considered traditional “Type 1” Diabetes).
The article states that the most common form of the disease is one of the milder forms of diabetes, which is seen in elderly people.
Finally, the other mild form of diabetes is mainly seen in obese individuals. These two mild forms would be considered to fall under “Type 2 Diabetes” for all intents and purposes.
Check out my Diabetes Blog for more information on the main types of diabetes and treatment.
Stem Cell Transplants
Scientists have had success in transplanting induced pluripotent stem cells into the abdominal wall’s fat cells and having them create insulin.
As a matter of fact, Induced Pluripotent stem cells come from the cells of the person receiving the transplant (not from embryos like embryonic stem cells). Pluripotent means the cells have the ability to become any type of body cell.
These cells are perfect because there is no risk of rejection, and scientists can program them to become whatever they need to be.
New Beta Cells (From Immature Beta Cells in the Pancreas)
Researchers have discovered new Immature beta cells in the pancreas. They believe they may be able to grow new beta cells from these and make the pancreas able to produce insulin again.
This one surprised me, but apparently scientists have discovered that the BCG vaccine, used against Tuberculosis, can possibly cure diabetes.
Studies so far have shown remission of Type 1 Diabetes that lasts about one week (hey, it’s better than nothing!). Future studies will experiment with dosing to gain a longer-lasting effect.
Blood Pressure Medicine may Reduce Incidence of Diabetes
A medicine commonly used to reduce blood pressure in pregnancy may also reduce the incidence of diabetes, if given before it’s onset. Doctors use this medicine to treat children as well.
Scientists believe methyldopa can block the auto-immune response that creates Type 1 Diabetes.
Extreme Diet could Put Type 2 Diabetes into Remission
A clinical trial in the UK put participants on a low-calorie (825-853 calories/day) weight management program for three to five months. 86% of the participants who lost around 33lbs had their type 2 diabetes go into remission.
**PLEASE do not try this at home. You should only follow such a low-calorie diet under the close supervision of a qualified doctor.**
Blood Glucose-Reading Contact Lenses
“Put in your contacts, it’s time to check your blood sugar,” said no one, ever…that is, until the near future. Scientists in Korea have tested their contacts on rabbits, which, they say, have had no adverse reactions to the lenses.
This technology may be a bit far away from human trials, but who knows what else they’ll come up with? Until then, read the article here.
White Button Mushrooms Help Control Blood Glucose
Science says using White Button Mushrooms as a probiotic can help reduce and maintain blood sugar levels. You can read the abstract of the research study for free HERE.
A study looked at how mushrooms would affect blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels in rats. Researchers concluded that mushrooms have a blood glucose and cholesterol-lowering effect on rats.
All things considered, rats are not humans, but it’s difficult to get institutions to approve human studies, so we use rats, or mice, or other animals. Granted, our metabolisms and genome differ greatly from animal to human, but chances are if the mushrooms work in the animals, they will work in humans as well.
Who knows what crazy ideas they will come up with next. 40 years ago, none of these ideas were even thought possible. With technological advances and brilliant scientific minds at the helm, no one truly knows where we’ll end up.
One thing’s for sure: one day there will be a cure! If you want to do some more reading on Diabetes and Blood Glucose, check out our blogs HERE.
To find out how you can advocate for diabetes, check out the American Diabetes Association’s website HERE.
For help controlling your blood sugar levels, try Bioterra Herbs’ Blood Glucose supplement. Click the image for a link to purchase the product!